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Friday, June 24, 2016

BREAKING NEWS: Today Guwahati High Court stayed the operation of the Mizoram (Selection of Candidates for Higher Technical Courses) Rules of 2016

C3/441, Top Floor, JANAKPURI, NEW DELHI-110058

24 June 2016


AICSU welcomes stay granted by the Guwahati High Court this morning of the Mizoram (Selection of Candidates for Higher Technical Courses) Rules of 2016 

New DelhiThe All India Chakma Students Union (AICSU) welcomes the stay order granted by the Honourable Guwahati High Court this morning i.e. 24 June 2016 on the operation of the Mizoram (Selection of Candidates for Higher Technical Courses) Rules of 2016 on the PIL No. 49/2016 filed by the Mizoram Chakma Students Union (MCSU) challenging the Mizoram (Selection of Candidates for Higher Technical Courses) Rules, 2016 which was notified on 20th April 2016 by the Higher and Technical Education Department of Mizoram. 

The Mizoram (Selection of Candidates for Higher Technical Courses) Rules, 2016 reserve 95% seats for Category I (Zo-ethnic people) while giving only 4% seats to Category II (Non-Zo ethnic people including Chakmas who are scheduled tribes and more backward than the Mizos) and 1% to children of Central government employees posted in Mizoram. Further, the State Medical and Technical Entrance Examination Information Brochure 2016” provides that Category I candidates (Mizos) will get first priority to take the seats/colleges and only the left out seat, if any, will be given to Category II candidates i.e. Chakmas and other non Mizo scheduled Tribes. This means effectively reserving 100% of the seats for the ethnic Mizos. 

The Higher and Technical Education Department has declared the allotment of seats but it is found that not a single seat in Engineering or MBBS has been allotted to Category II. This means that Chakma students despite scoring good marks in the State Medical and Technical Entrance Examination of 2016 would not get any MBBS or Engineering college despite being Scheduled Tribes like the Mizos.  

Earlier in 2015 the Mizoram Chakma Students Union (MCSU) had filed a PIL (no. 39/2015) in Guwahati High Court challenging the Mizoram (Selection of Candidates for Higher Technical Courses) (Sixth Amendment) Rules of 2015 by dividing the Scheduled Tribes into indigenous i.e. Mizos and non indigenous (non-Mizo scheduled tribes) and reserving all the seats for the indigenous ethnic Zos. On 16 July 2015, the Guwahati High Court disposed of the PIL after the Mizoram government withdrew the Sixth Amendment Rules of 2015 and put the Chakmas under Category I (indigenous people). 

But this year again, the Mizoram government issued fresh notice and played fraud upon the Hon’ble Guwahati High Court as it included Chakmas under Category II under the Mizoram (Selection of Candidates for Higher Technical Courses) Rules of 2016 by effectively providing 100% reservation of seats for the ethnic Zos. [Ends]

Tuesday, March 1, 2016

Tuichawng Chhuah violence: A group of people claiming to be from MSU burnt down Govt Primary School on 26 February 2016

On 26.2.2016, a group of Mizo students claiming themselves to belong to Mizo Students Union (MSU), an influential student body, allegedly burnt down the  Government Primary School at Tuichawng chhuah village under Tlabung Police Station in Lunglei district of Mizoram, according to reports received from various Chakma NGOs working on the ground, including Mizoram Chakma Alliance Against Discrimination (MCAAD), the Young Chakma Association (YCA) and Mizoram Chakma Students Union (MCSU) and the villagers of Tuichawng Chhuah who filed a police complaint against the MSU at Tlabung Police Station after the arson.

After the violence, the Mizoram government took prompt action by providing security to the Chakma villagers by stationing Mizoram Armed Police personnel at Tuichawng Chhauh village.

The MSU in a statement has denied the allegations that it had anything to do with the burning down of the school at Tuichawng Chhuah but media reported that 9 top leaders of MSU were arrested by Lunglei Police in connection with the torching of the school and put behind bars for one day, before they were released after strong protests by the Joint Mizo NGOs.

The minority Chakma families have been living at Tuichawng Chhuah for over four decades and the government of Mizoram has extended all the facilities including school, assistance under New Land Use Policy, ration card, voter cards, electricity etc. However, out of a sudden on 17.12.2015, Additional Deputy Commissioner, Lunglei District, Mizoram issued eviction notice to 49 Chakma minority families of Tuichawng Chhuah to vacate the village. A writ petition No. WP(C) 134/2016 was filed before the Guwahati High Court which in its order dated 08.01.2016 stayed the eviction order of the Mizoram Govt.

Below are some of the media coverage of the incident.

Monday, February 8, 2016

TUICHAWNG CHHUAH: Forcible evictions of Chakma minorities after Mizo student body diktat

By Paritosh Chakma

On 5 February 2016 (Friday), the Chakma students residing in Delhi staged a spirited protest under  the banner of the All India Chakma Students’ Union (AICSU) at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi against the Mizoram government. The Chakma students were protesting against illegal eviction of the Tuichawng Chhuah village (Chakmas call it “Toijongdor”) in Lunglei district, despite a stay order from the Guwahati High Court.

The Tuichawng Chhuah village has 49 families consisting of 224 persons. All of them are Chakma minorities.

Mizo Students Union’s diktat: Chakmas should leave Tuichawng Chhuah village because they had asked them to leave

It all started with a visit by a powerful student body of the majority community to a poor impoverished village inhabited by minority. On 21 November 2015, three leaders of Mizo Students Union (MSU) reportedly visited Tuichawng Chhuah along with two policemen. The MSU leaders wanted to know how they (Chakmas) were living there without permission and issued a verbal diktat to the 49 Chakma families to voluntarily leave the village by 31st December 2015!

The Mizo student body followed up the diktat with another visit by 15 leaders of MSU on 1st December 2015 and allegedly threatened to burn the village. Vanglaini, largest circulated Mizo daily, on 3rd December 2015 reported about the eviction notice by the MSU (though not in too many words).

The wish of the MSU became the command for officials. On 2 December 2015, two officials from the Revenue department visited Tuichawng Chhuah. On 13 December 2015, Mr Lalchhanhima, Block Development Officer (BDO) of Lungsen paid a visit.

On 15 December 2015, Shri Ashish Madhaorao More, Deputy Commissioner, Lunglei district  convened a high-level meeting at his office chamber in which the Block Development Officer, Sub Divisional Officer, Superintendent of Police, Village Council President of Tuichawng and leaders of Mizo Students Union attended. In that meeting, MSU leaders had allegedly told that they are going ahead with the eviction no matter what the facts are because they had asked the Chakmas to leave.

Then came the eviction notice from the Lunglei district administration. Eviction order No. K.23012/2/2013-DCL© dated 17.12.2015 issued by Mr Rothuama, Additional Deputy Commissioner, Lunglei district, Lunglei, Mizoram directing The President, Village Council, Tuichawng to ask the 49 Chakma families of Tuichawng Chhuah to vacate the village at the earliest. The eviction notice made no mention of why should the Chakmas were being asked to vacate?

Worst, on 21 December 2015, two officials from Local Administration Department (LAD), Lunglei forcibly collected signatures from the villagers of Tuichawng Chhuah on documents which stated that they are living on unauthorized settlement!

Guwahati High Court stay order

On 8 January 2016, the Guwahati High Court stayed the eviction notice dated 17 December 2015 issued by the Additional Deputy Commissioner of Lunglei district. The eviction notice was challenged by the Chakma villagers (writ petition W.P. (C) No. 134 of 2016).

But the Mizoram government officials think that they are above the rule of law and the judiciary. On 21 January 2016, Mr C Thatkgunga, Secretary to the Government of Mizoram, Local Administration Department issued fresh eviction order under Section 26(2)(a) of the Lushai Hill District (Village Councils) Act, 1953 directing Chakmas of Tuichawng Chhuah to vacate the village within one month.

It is a shame that the District administration sent two officials to threaten the Chakmas on the Republic Day (26th January 2016). When the whole nation was celebrating freedom, Chakma minorities were being threatened with eviction. Two officials wanted to forcibly obtain the signatures from the terrified villagers on a document which stated that they were staying on illegal land.

The great Indian Republic should be ashamed of such repression on Chakma minorities in Mizoram.

Illegal evictions: Tuichawng Chhuah village getting government facilities since 1977

As per as available official records, the Tuichawng Chhuah villagers have been provided various assistance by the Government of Mizoram since 1977 (although the village had been in existence much before) which included the following:

  • Garden Passes since 1977, 
  • financial assistance for sustainable livelihood under New Land Use Policy (NLUP) programme since 1991
  • a primary school under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) established in 2004
  • electricity since 2012
  • Villagers enrolled in Electoral Rolls and exercise their voting rights
  • Ration Cards
  • NREGS job cards

It is surprising under what situation they are being dubbed as illegal and asked to vacate their village where they have been living for generations.

Dilip Chakma, President, All India Chakma Students’ Union (AICSU) explains:

“The action of the Government of Mizoram to evict the 49 Chakma minority families of Tuichawng Chhuah is totally illegal and unconstitutional and being done to satisfy the Mizo Students Union (MSU). This stands exposed from the eviction notice dated 21.1.2016 of the Local Administration Department which was marked to the President of Mizo Students Union (MSU) General Headquarters Aizawl and the President, MSU Sub Headquarters, Lunglei who have no locus standi in the eyes of the law pertaining to the eviction notice.”

It is clear the Chakmas are being targeted for being minorities. Tuichawng Chhuah is not an isolated incident. Earlier on 30 June 2013, the Mizo Students Union (MSU) with the support of the Mizoram Police illegally evicted 48 Chakma families from Sibinesora village under Lungsen Village Council area in Lunglei district. Vanglaini dt 1st July 2013 reported about the eviction of Sibinasora village by MSU

The Sibinesora eviction of 2013 was outrageously illegal. The villagers were getting all sorts of facilities, incuding school, ration card, voting rights, assistance under NLUP, et. There was no eviction notice from the Government of Mizoram, but the MSU served an eviction notice and evicted the 48 Chakma families.

Emboldened by their success, the MSU is now trying to evict the Chakma families of Tuichawng Chhuah. But unlike the Sibinesora incident, the matter of Tuichawng Chhuah is now under the consideration of the Guwahati High Court. 

I sincerely believe that Chakmas of Tuichawng Chhuah will get justice and the Guwahati High Court will once again tell loud and clear that no body is above the rule of law.

Wednesday, June 24, 2015

Guwahati High Court stays Mizoram's controversial technical education rules


The Guwahati High Court today stayed the controversial higher and technical education rules, titled Mizoram (Selection of Candidates for Higher Technical Courses) (Sixth Amendment) Rules, 2015, which was notified on 24 March this year amidst high drama. The 1999 principal Rules was amended after the Mizo Zirlai Pawl (Mizo Students body) protested against the selection of 38 Chakma students under Category I along with Mizo students for study of medical and engineering courses in colleges across the country under Mizoram quota.

The controversial 2015 Rules changed the definition of Category I to include only “indigenous” Zo people. Chakmas are placed under Category II which is for non-Zo. The Chakmas vehemently protested against this discrimination on the basis of race.

The Mizoram Chakma Students Union filed a writ petition in the Guwahati High Court against the Mizoram government’s illegal 2015 Rules and secured a stay order today.

The Guwahati High Court’s stay order is a significant development for Mizoram’s beleaguered minorities. In this long battle for rights and justice, the first round has gone to the Chakma students.

To read the background of this case, please visit, “Mizoram: creating unequal citizens and conflicts”

Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Chakma Law Forum President Replies To Laltanpuia Pachuau’s ‘OPEN LETTER’ on Indigenous Issue in Mizoram

By Dilip Chakma

Dear Laltanpuia Pachau,

I have read your ‘OPEN LETTER’ titled OPEN LETTER TO CHAKMA LAW FORUM ON INDIGENOUS ISSUE (published at Mizonews.Net, available at )  with great interest.

Firstly let me applaud you for your courageous stand that Chakmas of Mizoram must get their full rights and protection due to them under the constitution of India. We need many more liberal Mizos like you to openly speak up for the rights of the minorities, given the highly polarized situation now prevailing. The jingoism which some Mizo organizations and political parties have adopted vis-à-vis Chakmas is as dangerous for Mizoram as the claim of the Hindutva forces in India that “India is a Hindu Rashtra” and “all Indians are Hindus”. In Mizoram, certain Mizo groups and political parties went a step further to announce that “Mizoram is for Mizos only”. This is dangerous for Indian democracy. We hope that the general public has the wisdom to reject and defeat such fundamentalist forces and restore the values of peaceful co-existence of all communities with mutual respect for each other.

Your ‘Open Letter’ has broadly raised two issues, which I am most happy to reply.

1. ‘Time immemorial’

The Chakmas have been living in present day western and southwestern parts of Mizoram bordering Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) from time immemorial. The Chakmas ruled over a territory named CHADIGANG, a part of which is now known as Chittagong Hill Tracts (now, in Bangladesh) for centuries.

The Chakmas established contacts with the Mughal administration for the purpose of trade in 1715. The Chakma King agreed to pay a tribute in cotton for enjoying trade privileges with Mughal territory. The Mughals did not claim territorial jurisdiction over the hills (Selections from the Records of the Bengal Government, No. XI, Calcutta, 1853, 77.)

Then came the mighty British. The Chittagong district had been ceded to the British East India Company under Lord Clive by Mir Kasim in 1760 and the cotton tribute was transferred to the British. But the British did not directly interfere into the administration of the Chakma Kingdom until 1860. The British fragmented the Chakma kingdom and reduced the Chakma king into a chief.

In 1763, Harry Verelst, the first chief of Chittagong, proclaimed the jurisdiction of then Chakma King to be “All the hills from the Pheni river to the Sangu and from the Nizampur Road to the hills of the Kuki Raja”. Now who was the Kuki raja and to what extent his territory was towards the Chakma kingdom in the year 1763 is a subject matter of further research. However the recorded history of Mizo/Lushai in the Lushai Hills is very recent compared to the Chakmas’ in CHT.

In “Lushai Chrysalis” , Anthony Gilchrist MacCall, Superintendent of Lushai Hills, recorded that:

“In about the year 1780 the strong Sailo migration commenced moving from the south in a northerly direction driving before them the HRANG KHOL, BIATE, THADOR, and other kindred tribes of the Lushai Hills until the Sailos, with their Lushai clans, in 1810, chiefly under Lallula Sailo, had consolidated their internal position by occupying most of the country between Champai and Demagiri northwards up to the borders of Cachar and Sylhet. This migration was probably caused by the Zahaos and Burma clans such as HUALNGOS, TLANG TLANGS of FALAM, FANAIS, and others becoming so strong that the Lushais, under their Sailo overlords, were compelled to give way and establish themselves in the area known now as the North Lushai Hills.”  (Pp 35-36)

The Lushei Chiefs are descendents of one Thang-ura, who is believed to have lived early in the eighteenth century at Tlangkua, north of Falam. From him sprang six lines of Thang-ur chiefs: (1) Rokum, (2) Zadeng, (3) Thangluah, (4) Pallian, (5) Rivung, and (6) Sailo. Of them, the Thangluah went to the west of Lushai hills and penetrated as far as Demagri where Rothangpuia (Ruttonpoia) became known to the British. But his settlement near Demagiri could not have been earlier than year 1780 as the Lushais (New Kukis) were the last one to enter Mizoram amongst the Mizo tribes. It is clear from “Lushai Chrysalis” (quoted above) by Anthony Gilchrist MacCall, Superintendent of Lushai Hills from 1932-1942. The Mizoram government website also states, “The earliest Mizos who migrated to India were known as Kukis, the second batch of immigrants were called New Kukis. The Lushais were the last of the Mizo tribes to migrate to India.” See,

Therefore, since Ruttonpoia’s settlement near Demagiri dates back as far as only 1780 or even later, the territory of the Chakma King undoubtedly extended far beyond Demagiri in present day Mizoram as per the 1763 proclamation of Harry Verelst, the first chief of Chittagong.

Further even during the time of Captain Lewin, the borders between the Lushai Hills and CHT were undemarcated. In “A fly on the Wheel” while describing the area of the Chittagong Hill Tracts Lewin stated thus, “The district is bounded on the north by the independent state of Hill Tipra, on the south by the Akyab district, and on the west by the Regulation district of Chittagong. The eastern boundary was at that time undefined, but might be considered as extending just so far as British influence could make itself felt.”

But British made it clear that Demagiri (the name itself indicates chakma settlement) was not in Lushai hills. The provincial gazetteer of India Volume V at page 413 states that:

“The station of Demagiri is not situated within the present area of the South Lushai Hills. It is topographically within the area of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. But, under Sir Charles Eliott’s [Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal] orders, passed in 1892, it was declared that, for administrative purposes, Demagiri should be considered to be part and parcel of the South Lushai Hills”.

On 1 April 1898, the South Lushai Hills together with Demagiri areas of CHT in Bengal province was merged with the North Lushai Hills to form the Lushai Hills which was placed under the administration of Assam. Therefore, “The boundaries [of CHT] were revised, and a strip on the east, including Demagiri with a population of about 1,500, was transferred to the Lushai Hills.” (Sir Robert Reid, History of the Frontier Areas Bordering on Assam 1883-1941). So, the Lushai Hills (now, state of Mizoram) was formed by combination of South Lushai Hills, North Lushai Hills and Demagiri and other areas curbed out of Chakma chief’s territory and placed under Assam Province.

Further, in “Encyclopedia of North East India” Col. Ved Prakash writes: “Early history of their (Chakmas’) settlement on the bank of River Karnafulee, and around the confluence of Karnafulee, Tuichang and Thega can be traced to the year 1763 when the East India Company by a Proclamation demarcated the Chakma territory as spreading over “all the hills from Pheni River to the Sangoo and from Nizampur Road in Chittagong to the Hills of Kooki Raja” (Page 1812). Moreover, Mizos lived in the ‘higher ridges’ of the hills whereas the western part of Mizoram is more of river basins/valleys  ideal for Chakma settlement.

Therefore, there is no doubt that Chakmas lived in the western parts (region) of present day Mizoram from time immemorial (i.e. before the immigration of Lushais in the Lushai Hills and colonization by British). And, when a part of Chakma chief’s territory was transferred to the Lushai Hills in 1898, they became the natural citizens of Lushai Hills.

It is believed that both Chakmas and Lushais/Mizos originally came from present day Burma at some point of time in history. As Lt-Colonel J. Shakespear (who was the first Superintendent of united Lushai Hills from 1898-1899) in The Lushei Kuki Clans (1912) writes, “Among inhabitants of the Lushai Hills are found a very considerable number of immigrants, or descendants of immigrants from the Chin Hills, who are found living among the Lushais under the Thangur Chiefs or in villages under their own chiefs.” Chakmas shaped Burmese history there in many ways. One such incident is described by Captain Lewin in “The Hill Tracts of Chittagong and the Dwellers Therein”, Page 65:

“Whatever opinion may be formed of the primal origin of the Thek, or Chukma tribe, no doubt can exist as to their having been at one time inhabitants of the province of Arracan, from whence they have migrated to these hills. The Radza-wong, or History of the Arracan Kings, gives the following account of them. It is there written that King Kaumysing, the son of the King of Baianathi, having been assigned by his father, as heritage, all the country inhabited by the Burman, Shan, and Malay races, came to Ramawati, the ancient capital of Arracan, near the modern town of Sandoway. He there collected men from the different countries of Western Hindoostan, having a variety of languages. They then asking for subsistence— to the first who so applied, he gave the name of Thek ; and their language being different from the rest, they lived separate. The Thek tribe appears afterwards to have played a part of some importance in the annals of the kingdom. King Nya-ming-nya-tain, with the help of the Tsaks, is said to have gained the throne in the year 356 of the Arracan Era. Again, in 656, King Mengdi is said to have undertaken an expedition against the Shans and Tsaks, who had become very troublesome (Phayre’s History of Arracan, J. A. S., 145 of 1844). The tribe is also mentioned by Buchanan in his paper on the religion and literature of the Burmese (Asiatic Researches, Vol. VI., p. 229).”

Lastly, you have stated that the first Chakmas to set foot in Lushai country were as coolies in the year 1872. I regret to say that your reading of Mizoram history is very limited to writings of Mizo historians or government of Mizoram who are often found to be biased and conveniently ignored/omitted facts.

The fact is that a combined force of Zadeng, Sailo, and  Chakmas attacked and destroyed the very big village of Purbura, a very powerful Pallian chief at Pukzing (now in Mamit district, west Mizoram) in 1830. Purbura rebuilt his village, but died soon after.  (Lt-Colonel J. Shakespear, The Lushei Kuki Clans, Macmillan And Co. Limited, St. Martin’s Street, London, 1912, P 5) “These Kukis were allies of the Chuckmahs”.  Further, as far back as 1777, Chakma King’s general revolted against the British by refusing cotton revenue and called in his aid “large bodies of Kookie men, who live far in the interior parts of the hills, who have not the use of fire-arms, and whose bodies go un-clothed.” (T H Lewin, “Wild Races of South-Eastern India”) Surely, Chakma and Lushai contacts were very old.

2. ‘Indigenous peoples’

The definition of “indigenous peoples” as “natives or first inhabitants” is extremely narrow understanding of the concept and meaning of “indigenous peoples”. First , there is no universal and unambiguous definition of the concept of ‘indigenous peoples’, but there are a number of criteria by which indigenous peoples globally can be identified and from which each group can be characterised. The most widespread approaches are those proposed in the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention no.169 and in the Martinéz Cobo Report to the UN Sub-Commission on the Prevention of Discrimination of Minorities (1986). Furthermore an approach suggested by the Chairperson of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations Mme. Erica-Irene Daes is widely used.

The ILO Convention no. 169 states that a people are considered indigenous either:

- because they are descendants of those who lived in the area before colonization; or
- because they have maintained their own social, economic, cultural and political institutions since colonization and the establishment of new states.

Furthermore, the ILO Convention 169 says that self-identification is crucial for indigenous peoples.

Martinéz Cobo’s working definition

According to the Martinéz Cobo’s Report to the UN Sub-Commission on the Prevention of Discrimination of Minorities (1986), indigenous peoples may be identified as follows:

“Indigenous communities, peoples and nations are those which, having a historical continuity with pre-invasion and pre-colonial societies that developed on their territories, consider themselves distinct from other sectors of the societies now prevailing in those territories, or parts of them. They form at present non-dominant sectors of society and are determined to preserve, develop and transmit to future generations their ancestral territories, and their ethnic identity, as the basis of their continued existence as peoples, in accordance with their own cultural patterns, social institutions and legal systems.”

This historical continuity may consist of the continuation, for an extended period reaching into the present, of one or more of the following factors:

- Occupation of ancestral lands, or at least of part of them;
- Common ancestry with the original occupants of these lands;
- Culture in general, or in specific manifestations (such as religion, living under a tribal system, membership of an indigenous community, dress, means of livelihood, lifestyle, etc.);
- Language (whether used as the only language, as mother-tongue, as the habitual means of communication at home or in the family, or as the main, preferred, habitual, general or normal language);
- Residence in certain parts of the country, or in certain regions of the world;
- Other relevant factors

Self-identification as indigenous is also regarded as a fundamental element in Martinéz Cobo’s working definition.

Mme. Erica-Irene Daes’ identification

The identification outlined by the Chairperson of the United Nations’ Working Group on Indigenous Populations, Mme. Erica-Irene Daes designates certain peoples as indigenous,

- because they are descendants of groups which were in the territory of the country at the time when other groups of different cultures or ethnic origins arrived there;
- because of their isolation from other segments of the country’s population they have preserved almost intact the customs and traditions of their ancestors which are similar to those characterised as indigenous; and
- because they are, even if only formally, placed under a State structure which incorporates national, social and cultural characteristics alien to theirs.

Therefore, Chakmas who have been living on the western and southwestern parts of the British Lushai Hills from time immemorial have “historical continuity” in present day Mizoram in independent India and does not lose their “indigenous” character just because their lands have been transferred in 1898 by the British from CHT to Lushai Hills under Assam province (now state of Mizoram) for administrative purpose.

To say that only the first people to arrive at a certain territory is indigenous to that territory, and all other groups are non-indigenous, is a total misunderstanding of the concept of indigenous peoples. More than one indigenous community can exist in a particular territory or country. That is why, the CHT (Bangladesh) has 12 “indigenous” communities, namely Chakma, Marma, Tripura, Tanchangya, Chak, Pankho, Mru, Murung, Bawm, Lushai, Khyang, and Khumi. Please note that Lushai, Pankho, Bawm who are part of Zo are also indigenous communities in CHT where Chakmas are the majority. So, it is ludicrous to say that because Chakmas are indigenous in CHT, they cannot be indigenous in Mizoram!

I hope this will suffice to dispel your doubts. If you have anything more, kindly let me know.

Yours sincerely,

Dilip Kanti Chakma